ElsitioAvicola.com - Avicultura, Salud Aviar, Bienestar, Enfermedades, Noticias Avícolas, Artículos, Fotos Avícolas

ThePoultrySite Quick Disease Guide

Use the above box to quickly switch to another disease
Contents of Quick Disease Guide

Arizona infection, Arizonosis

Extracted From:
A Pocket Guide to
Poultry Health
Order me a copy
By Paul McMullin
© 2004
Click Here to
Order Your Copy


Caused by the bacterium Arizona hinshawii, renamed Salmonella Arizonae. It affects turkeys, mainly in North America, and is not present in the UK turkey population. Mortality is 10-50% in young birds, older birds are asymptomatic carriers. Transmission is vertical, transovarian, and also horizontal, through faecal contamination of environment, feed etc, from long-term intestinal carriers, rodents, reptiles.


  • Dejection.
  • Inappetance.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Vent-pasting.
  • Nervous signs.
  • Paralysis.
  • Blindness, cloudiness in eye.
  • Huddling near heat.

Post-mortem lesions

  • Enlarged mottled liver.
  • Unabsorbed yolk sac.
  • Congestion of duodenum.
  • Cheesy plugs in intestine or caecum.
  • Foci in lungs.
  • Salpingitis.
  • Ophthalmitis.
  • Pericarditis.
  • Perihepatitis.


Isolation and identification, methods as per Salmonella spp. Differentiate from salmonellosis, coli-septicaemia.


Injection of streptomycin, spectinomycin, or gentamycin at the hatchery is used in some countries. Formerly in-feed medication with nitrofurans was also used.


Eradicate from breeder population, fumigation of hatching eggs, good nest and hatchery hygiene, inject eggs or poults with antibiotics, monitor sensitivity.

¿Quién Está En Línea?